China’s economic growth hits three-decade low

Image copyright Getty Images China’s economy grew last year at the slowest pace in almost three decades.Official figures show that the world’s second largest economy expanded by 6.1% in 2019 from the year before – the worst figure in 29 years.The country has faced weak domestic demand and the impact of the bitter trade war…

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China’s economic system grew final yr on the slowest tempo in virtually 3 a long time.

Legitimate figures display that the sector’s 2d greatest economic system expanded via 6.1% in 2019 from the yr sooner than – the worst determine in 29 years.

The rustic has confronted vulnerable home call for and the have an effect on of the sour industry battle with america.

The federal government has been rolling out measures over the last two years in an try to spice up enlargement.

It comes after virtually two years of industry tensions with america – even if hopes of making improvements to family members has noticed enhancements in production and trade self belief knowledge.

This week Washington and Beijing signed a “segment one” industry deal. On the other hand, analysts stay undecided whether or not the ones fresh good points will proceed.

In line with the decrease enlargement fee, Beijing is now extensively anticipated to roll out but extra stimulus measures.

The federal government has used a mix of measures aimed toward easing the slowdown, together with tax cuts and permitting native governments to promote huge quantities of bonds to fund their infrastructure programmes.

The rustic’s banks have additionally been inspired to lend extra, particularly to small corporations. New loans within the native foreign money hit a report top of $2.44 trillion (£1.86tn) final yr.

To this point the economic system has been gradual to select up, with funding enlargement falling to report low ranges.

As a part of the segment one deal, China pledged to spice up US imports via $200bn above 2017 ranges and give a boost to highbrow belongings laws.

In change, america agreed to halve one of the most new price lists it has imposed on Chinese language merchandise.

Talking in Washington, US President Donald Trump stated the pact could be “transformative” for the American economic system.

Liang Jun: China’s first female tractor driver, and national icon, dies

Image copyright Weibo Image caption She was immortalised in China’s one yuan banknotes A woman who became China’s first female tractor driver, and eventually a national icon, has died at the age of 90.In 1948, Liang Jun became the only female in China to take up the job, when she enrolled in a training class…

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She was once immortalised in China’s one yuan banknotes

A lady who turned into China’s first feminine tractor motive force, and sooner or later a countrywide icon, has died on the age of 90.

In 1948, Liang Jun turned into the one feminine in China to take in the task, when she enrolled in a coaching elegance for tractor drivers.

Greater than a decade later, a picture of her proudly using a tractor was once featured on China’s one-yuan banknote.

“No-one may force in addition to me,” she had stated in an previous interview. “I haven’t any regrets on this existence.”

Liang Jun was once born in 1930 to a deficient circle of relatives in China’s faraway Heilongjiang province.

She spent maximum of her early years serving to out at a farm in addition to learning in a rural college.

In 1948, when an area college unfolded a path to coach tractor drivers, she seized her likelihood.

In keeping with native media, there have been 70 scholars within the elegance – with Liang Jun being the one feminine. She sooner or later finished her coaching and turned into the rustic’s first feminine tractor motive force.

A 12 months later, communist chief Mao Zedong introduced the introduction of the Other people’s Republic of China.

Liang Jun joined the Chinese language Communist Celebration (CCP) as a member and was once later despatched to a college in Beijing to be informed extra about agricultural equipment.

She returned to Heilongjiang upon completing her research and was once posted to paintings within the Agricultural Equipment Analysis Institute.

In 1962, China started printing banknotes that featured a picture of her using a tractor.

The communist birthday celebration had prioritised the mobilising of ladies – particularly the ones within the nation-state – within the nation’s rising labour power.

That includes girls in more than a few occupations was once some way of selling this, with “no profession extra promoted than that of the feminine tractor motive force”, in keeping with the Oxford Manual of the Historical past of Communism.

As China driven Liang Jun into the limelight, her tale was once additionally revealed in textbooks and is alleged to have impressed dozens of alternative girls to transform tractor drivers.

In 1990, she retired from her place as leader engineer of the Harbin municipal bureau of agricultural machines – marking the top of a number of many years within the trade.

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Media captionMedieval battle: A Chinese language knight fights for his dream

Lately then again, Liang Jun battled more than a few sicknesses.

She incessantly shifted out and in of awareness, and was once sooner or later confined to her mattress, stated media stories.

Her son, Wang Yanbing, stated she had kicked the bucket “peacefully” on Monday.

“She had post a excellent battle,” he instructed a Harbin information outlet. “She was once all the time happiest when other people mentioned her as China’s first feminine tractor motive force.”

On social media web page Weibo, tributes flowed in for Liang Jun, after her loss of life turned into the highest pattern.

“She confirmed that no matter males can do, girls may do as neatly,” stated one commenter.

“Good-bye to this lady who held up part the sky,” stated any other remark, referencing a well-known word through Mao Zedong.

“She labored laborious and turned into the heroine of her era,” any other stated. “Good-bye Liang Jun. We salute you.”

Inside China’s child pop star factory

Young, mostly female, wannabe stars are being trained for China’s booming idol industry worth billions of dollars.Yang Jingxin, 12, became an idol trainee three years ago. Every weekend, she trains with her agency on singing and dancing in the southern suburbs of Beijing. She is hoping to become a future star. But how likely is…

Younger, most commonly feminine, wannabe stars are being educated for China’s booming idol business price billions of greenbacks.

Yang Jingxin, 12, changed into an idol trainee 3 years in the past. Each weekend, she trains along with her company on making a song and dancing within the southern suburbs of Beijing. She is hoping to grow to be a long run celebrity. However how most probably is it for her to achieve the extremely aggressive business?

Manufacturer/Director: Natalia Zuo

Digicam: Xingyuan Chen, Yitsing Wang

Macau: China’s other ‘one country, two systems’ region

Image copyright Reuters Image caption Macau, a former Portuguese colony, was handed back to China in 1999 Macau, a tiny former Portuguese colony, is marking the 20th anniversary of its return to China. The Special Administrative Region, which measures 12 sq miles (31 sq km), uses the same political model as Hong Kong – “one…

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Macau, a former Portuguese colony, used to be passed again to China in 1999

Macau, a tiny former Portuguese colony, is marking the 20th anniversary of its go back to China.

The Particular Administrative Area, which measures 12 squaremiles (31 squarekm), makes use of the similar political type as Hong Kong – “one nation, two methods”.

That promises a “prime stage of autonomy” for the areas for 50 years with Beijing keeping up keep an eye on of defence and international affairs.

However that is the place the similarity between Hong Kong and Macau ends.

For the previous six months, there were huge protests in Hong Kong over a now shelved invoice that may have allowed extradition to mainland China.

However whilst tens of millions have taken to the streets there, the Chinese language govt has praised Macau’s “patriots” for holding the peace and being a shining instance of the only nation, two methods type.

On the 20th anniversary celebrations on Friday, Chinese language President Xi stated Macau’s “custom of valuing solidarity should be preserved”. He additionally reiterated that China would no longer “tolerate” any interference in Hong Kong or Macau.

“I want to tension that the dealing with of [Hong Kong and Macau] affairs is exactly China’s inside topic, there’s no want for any exterior power to dictate issues to us… we will be able to by no means tolerate any exterior interference,” stated Mr Xi.

Mr Xi additionally swore within the area’s new Beijing-backed leader government, Ho Iat-seng.

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Macau’s new leader government Ho Iat-seng (L) shakes palms with China’s President Xi Jinping

The converting face of Macau

Macau is a small however vital port town at the south coast of China, simply south of Guangzhou and about 65km from Hong Kong.

It used to be leased to Portugal in 1557 and formally become a Portuguese colony in 1887.

“When the Portuguese had whole rule of Macau, they needed to negotiate with China as a result of it’s so shut. All meals got here from China so the Portuguese all the time labored and co-operated with them”, says Agnes Lam, director of the College of Macau’s Centre for Macau Research.

In 1987, Portugal and China signed the Sino-Portuguese joint declaration which stated the territory can be returned to China on 20 December, 1999.

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Because the handover, there was a large center of attention at the area’s economic system

Beneath one nation, two methods Macau has its personal govt, criminal and monetary affairs. It has its personal native forex, the patacas, and differing native rules, together with criminal playing, which makes up an enormous chew of the economic system.

The area’s chief, the chief-executive, is selected by way of a 400 individual Beijing-approved committee comprising of politicians and businessmen. Abnormal electorate don’t have an immediate say within the appointment of the manager government, the similar as Hong Kong.

“We don’t have any roughly open arguments with China about one nation, two methods. We perceive the bounds rather smartly,” Ms Lam informed the BBC.

The legacy of conversation with the Chinese language govt used to be, she stated, one reason one nation, two methods is simpler in Macau than in Hong Kong.

Ms Lam added that there was a large center of attention on making improvements to the area’s economic system in addition to its training device.

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Media captionXi Jinping defends “one-China” idea throughout Macau 2014 consult with

House to simply over 600,000 other people, Macau has the 3rd best according to capita GDP on the earth, at the back of Luxembourg and Switzerland.

Ultimate yr Macau’s govt passed out 10,000 Patacas (£923; $1,246) to everlasting citizens as a part of a wealth-sharing programme.

“The Chinese language unfolded Macau to special American gaming industries and became Macau into a world gaming centre the world over and expanded the economic system phenomenally,” stated Steve Tsang, director of the SOAS China Institute in London.

“Macau, in the past a deficient cousin to Hong Kong in financial phrases, now enjoys a considerably upper pro-capita GDP than Hong Kong.

“Just about part of the present inhabitants in Macau got here as immigrants from China. So you’ll see from the Chinese language govt’s point of view, Macau is a poster boy for the only nation, two methods type.”

Have the Hong Kong protests unfold to Macau?

Hong Kong is now into its 6th month of protests, however Macau has principally remained silent.

“This dissent does no longer exist in Macau,” Jason Chao, an activist and previous president of the New Macau Affiliation, a pro-democracy birthday party, tells the BBC.

“A big distinction between Hong Kong and Macau is a want for autonomy. Hong Kong other people want autonomy, freedom and rights and they’re preventing for it. This doesn’t practice to Macau. Nearly all of the inhabitants are pro-China.

“They’ve an excessively at ease existence. This makes pro-democracy and human rights activism very tricky in Macau.”

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Other folks in Hong Kong have taken to the streets for the ultimate six months

He stated that some other people do protest in opposition to the Macau govt however those other people ask for Beijing to become involved to lend a hand with their disputes.

However there were a handful of circumstances the place other people have tried to rally in reinforce of Hong Kong. In August, the federal government locked down a sq. to stop protesters from demonstrating.

Then in September, Macau’s prime court docket rejected an enchantment from demonstrators to permit a rally to happen.

On the other hand Mr Chao stated the “overwhelming majority of Macau does no longer reinforce the protests in Hong Kong nor do they’ve sympathy with the folk in Hong Kong”.

What is at the desk for Macau’s long term?

Ultimate week, Li Zhanshu, head of the Nationwide Other folks’s Congress, China’s legislature, stated the folk in Macau have a robust sense of nationwide identification.

He additionally praised Macau for having “patriots” in govt and for enacting Article 23, a countrywide safety regulation. The regulation prohibits “treason, secession and subversion” in opposition to the central govt.

When Hong Kong tried to introduce the similar regulation in 2003, part 1,000,000 other people took to the streets, forcing the federal government to desert the plans.

All through Mr Xi’s consult with, he’s anticipated to announce insurance policies that can additional combine Macau with mainland Chinese language towns within the south. Macau can be allotted extra land at the mainland island of Hengqin to increase in spaces corresponding to training and healthcare.

Steve Tsang, director of the SOAS China Institute in London stated that, in contrast to in Hong Kong, there’s no critical motion in Macau tough democracy, and no very “loose, competitive media”.

“Macau is not any bother for China. It’s mainly doing regardless of the Chinese language govt desires to be executed,” he stated.

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Media captionHong Kong protests: “I used to be born right here, I am a Hongkonger too”